Exchange trading is just
Regardless of whether you will invest your money for the long term and rarely make separate transactions for buying / selling stocks and other assets, or decide to actively speculate while concluding a large number of transactions, in any case you will have to do everything in independent trading. these transactions are traded. Oddly enough, many stop the fear of the exchange as before something very difficult. This is a big mistake, and now I will try to dispel these fears.
We have already spoken about how to choose a broker, and we will not touch on this here. We believe that we have chosen a broker and signed a brokerage service agreement with him. What’s next?
When opening an account, the broker will surely ask you: in what markets (or with what instruments) are you going to work? Most investors, of course, are limited to the stock market, since, above all, stocks can increase capital in the long term, and this, in fact, is investment. However, in addition to the stock market, there are other stock markets, in which financial instruments such as bonds, derivatives – futures and options are traded. There is also the market of exchange-traded funds – ETF (Exchange Traded Fund), where units of various types of mutual funds are traded. Consider all this in more detail.
Trading – transactions on the purchase and sale of securities or commodities for the purpose of the subsequent extraction of profit from the difference in the course.
Demo account – training account for work on the stock exchange, not involving the introduction of real money.
A bond is a debt security that guarantees an investor (buyer) a return on invested capital and interest on it. In fact, a bond is a deposit, but only the money you give is not to the bank, but to the issuer of the bond, which acts as the borrower of this money. Issuers can be a variety of legal entities, ranging from the state (represented by the Ministry of Finance or the Central Bank), individual regions or cities (municipal bonds), and up to individual companies and corporations.
It is clear that investors trust someone more (for example, the state), and less for someone (for example, the Tyutkin Corporation company), and the interest rate (income level) on invested capital depends on it. Here, the dependence is strictly inverse – the higher the confidence, the lower the interest rate and vice versa. If no one knows what kind of company Tyutkin Corporation is, and she (the company) asks for a loan from you, then you will give your money with extreme caution and at the highest possible interest rates. But if the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation asks for a loan from you, then you understand that it is even safer than in any bank, and therefore many are ready to lend money to such an issuer even at minimal interest.
This is how this market works. Of course, you can buy bonds as an alternative to bank deposits, and they will bring you a steady return on invested capital. But only if suddenly you are seduced by high rates on some bonds of an issuer unknown to you, and he then goes bankrupt and does not return the debt, then no one will compensate you for the loss of funds.
Unlike bank deposits, where there is a guarantee of return of deposits in the range of 1.4 million rubles, if the bank that is part of the state deposit insurance system goes bankrupt. Therefore, of course, a private investor can independently trade in the bond market, but this market is rather complicated and must be well understood. If you do not have the appropriate knowledge, it is better to use the services of professional managers when investing funds in bonds or, at least, thoroughly consult with competent specialists.
numbering- small.png Derivative financial instruments (derivatives) market
This is definitely a market for professionals. Difficulties begin even in the title. The derivatives market is the derivatives market, it is also the futures and options market. What? Where? Where? What for? In short, solid questions that need to get detailed answers to figure out. We are not going to do this here. I would like to note only that this is a market primarily for professional speculators and should be approached very seriously, since the risks to the invested money are extremely high.
numbering-small.png Share market (shares) of ETF exchange funds
This segment of the exchange market is just beginning to develop in Russia. So far, only a few shares of such funds (a total of 12) are traded on the Moscow Stock Exchange. However, these are ETFs that are managed by a little-known company, and their investments are mainly directed to the Russian market. But on the other hand, investing in an ETF is a widespread way of investing, which combines all the advantages associated with professional management of an investment portfolio, as well as the advantages of independent trading.