Enterprise development is a priority
The development of entrepreneurship is one of the priorities set out in the Tomsk Region Development Strategy until 2020. The instruments for its implementation are long-term regional target programs aimed at the development of small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs). Until 2014, the sixth regional SME support program is already in place. Since 2006, its funding has been increasing annually in the region.
As part of the long-term target program “Development of small and medium-sized businesses in the Tomsk region for the period 2011–2014”, budgetary funds are allocated to the region for the implementation of eight directions:
Formation and maintenance of infrastructure support activities for SMEs.
Support for municipal development programs for SMEs.
Information and consulting support in the field of organization and conduct of business.
Activities aimed at training for entrepreneurship.
Financial support for SMEs
Promoting the development of interregional and international cooperation of SMEs; support of cooperation with international organizations and administrative-territorial entities of foreign countries on the development of SMEs.
Promotion and promotion of entrepreneurial activities.
Development of youth entrepreneurship.
Each of these eight areas includes a wide range of activities to support small and medium businesses.
Today in the Tomsk region there are municipal business incubators: in Asinovsky, Kozhevnikovsky, Kolpashevsky and Krivosheinsky districts, in the village of Moryakovka of the Tomsky district, in Seversk. On the territory of the Instrument Plant, the Design and Technology Business Incubator has been operating, the Intercollegiate Student Business Incubator Druzhba has been marking for a decade. In addition, each Tomsk university has its own business incubators.
Various forms of support and youth entrepreneurship. Since 2009, in the territory of the Tomsk region in order to develop small and medium-sized businesses of young people, a regional program has been implemented for engaging young people in entrepreneurial activities under the brand “Tomsk – the field of success”. During the implementation of this project, mechanisms have emerged to support youth entrepreneurship, communities of young entrepreneurs and innovators have been formed, a set of measures has been implemented to promote entrepreneurial activity among the youth.
For more than a year, the Perspective Youth Entrepreneurial Projects Contest has been held, providing for subsidizing the costs of developing an entrepreneurial project of up to 1,000,000 rubles. Young people receive these funds on a free and non-refundable basis. Thus, the first investments that the young entrepreneur made in his work are partially returned to him, giving him the opportunity to develop further. This money can be spent on the purchase of equipment, the repayment of interest rates on loans, loan agreements, new research and development, marketing research.
The main areas of the program are internships for young entrepreneurs, training programs for starting businesses, preparing printed materials for entrepreneurs and business support centers, promoting and promoting entrepreneurship and directly involving young people in the business environment.
There are forms and intangible support for young entrepreneurs, for example, assistance in creating their own business projects, drawing up a business plan and economic calculations, participation in business camps, in the Seliger forum, in the Young Entrepreneur of Russia competitions and others. Business camps are usually attended by already working entrepreneurs looking for new ideas and exchanging experience. Here is the integration of newcomers into the existing community of young entrepreneurs.
To date, a continuous system has been formed in the Tomsk region to involve young people in entrepreneurial activity, starting with testing, training, writing business plans, implementing business ideas and bringing them to the stage of business formation, that is, receiving investments.
In our region, other small business support mechanisms are successfully operating. For example, financial support is provided to companies that have entered into equipment leasing contracts. Subsidies are provided in order to recover costs in connection with the introduction of energy-saving and energy-efficient technologies. In particular, the costs of installing new equipment, metering devices, conducting energy audits, training our own specialists, implementing motion sensors, LED lamps, and working under energy service contracts are reimbursed.